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Trends in Childhood Bacterial Infectious Diseases in the Republic of Korea
Young June Choe1, and Hoan Jong Lee2
1Division of VPD control and NIP, Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2Department of Pediatrics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
Vol.43 Num.6 (p468~473)
Bacterial infections have been the main threat to childhood health in Korea for the past 50 years. The economic growth and societal transition of the country during last century has made for an impressive story of success in the continuous reduction and effective control of both mortality from, and morbidity of, childhood bacterial infections. Many factors, including improved sanitation and living conditions, the introduction of antibiotics and vaccines, and the improvement of health care and settle down of surveillance systems, have contributed significantly to such success. However, childhood bacterial infections still play a significant role in child health from a clinical perspective, since the etiologic agents of invasive bacterial infections have changed following the changes in the environment and human behavior in the country. In order to meet this challenge, solid scientific knowledge and understanding of childhood bacterial infectious diseases during the last century are necessary. With transitions in epidemiology and microbiological characteristics, careful monitoring and building of scientific evidence are also needed in the to sustain and decrease the disease burden of childhood bacterial infections in Korea.
Keywords : Infectious diseases, Bacterial infection, Children, Trend, Change, Korea