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Herpes Zoster Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome in a HIV-infected Patient: Case Report and Literature Review
Won Rak Choi, Min Cheol Seo, Kyung Uk Sung, Hyo Eun Lee, and Hee Jung Yoon
Department of Internal Medicine, Eulji University College of Medicine, Daejeon, Korea
According to current evidence, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients who have undergone treatment with antiretroviral therapy are at greater risk of developing herpes zoster, not when they are severely immunocompromised, but, paradoxically, when their immune system is recovering. This is a manifestation of the immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS). Here we report on a case of IRIS, presented as herpes zoster in a HIV-infected patient after undergoing highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART).
Keywords : Human immunodeficiency virus, Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome, Herpes zoster